Location and Area
Orakzai Agency is bordered in the north with Khyber Agency, in the east with FR Kohat, in the south with Kohat and Hangu and in the west with Kurram Agency. It is spread over an area of 1,538 square kilometers.

Orakzai Agency is a hilly region with a fertile valley. Its territory comprises of a mountainous tract, dissected by numerous dry water courses. The elevation of the hills varies from over 10,000 feet (3,000 m) in the west and to less than 6,650 feet (2,030 m) in the east, while that of the plain area varies from 5,200 to 5,500 feet (1,700 m), above sea level.

Important peaks are Sangla (6325 ft.) and Chara Kandaco (5643 ft.). The major valleys in Orakzai Agency are: Khanki, Mastura and Khurmana, whereas the two major streams are the Mastura and Khanki Toi, both originating from the hills in the west and running to the east.

The climate conditions in the whole agency are generally favorable during most of the summer; however in winters the minimum temperature can drop below -10 degrees Celsius. Summer season starts from May and lasts till October. June, July and August are the hottest months. On the other hand, winter starts from November and continues till April.

The annual rainfall ranges between 250 to 500 mm. Due to the geographical position of Orakzai and its thick forest cover, it rains throughout the year.

Land Use
Land use data from 2012 shows that the total cultivated area is 17,052 hectares, with an uncultivated area of 136,709 hectares. Whereas, the total cropped area of Orakzai Agency totals to 8,225 hectares. (Source: FATA Development Statistics, 2012).

Main Roads
Orakzai Agency comprises of 513 km long road, where 285 km is black topped, and the remaining 228 km road is shingled. (Source:  ESIA of FATA Emergency Rural Roads Project).

The Orakzai Agency comprises of Lower Orakzai Agency, Upper Orakzai Agency, Central Orakzai Agency and Ismailzai.