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Population Demography


According to census data from 1998, FATA is home to a population of roughly 3.18 million. Annual population growth in the intercensal period of 1981 to 1998 is calculated to be 2.19 per cent but certain agencies and FRs buck this trend, showing a decline during the same period. Population density for 1998 stands at 117 persons per square kilometer in FATA as a whole, with wide variations between individual agencies and FRs. In Dera Ismail Khan FR, for example, the population is thinly scattered with 19 persons per square kilometer, while population density in Bajaur Agency reaches 461 persons per square kilometer.


Population(FATA 1998)
Agency/FR Area
(sq km)
Population
(total)
Population Density
(person per sq km)
Annual Growth rate
1981-1998(%)
FATA 27,220 3,176,331 117 2.19
Bajaur 1,290 595,227 461 4.33
Khyber 2,576 546,730 212 3.92
Kurram 3,380 448,310 133 2.50
Mohmand 2,296 334,453 146 4.28
North Waziristan 4,707 361,246 77 2.46
Orakzai 1,538 225,441 147 - 2.69
South Waziristan 6,620 429,841 65 1.95
FR Bannu 745 19,593 26 - 6.65
FR Dera Ismail Khan 2,008 38,990 19 - 2.09
FR Kohat 446 88,456 198 2.59
FR Lakki 132 6,987 53 - 4.81
FR Peshawar 261 53,841 206 2.22
FR Tank 1,221 27,216 22 - 0.61

 

The average annual population growth for FATA is slightly lower than the provincial average of 2.8 per cent and the national average of 2.7 per cent (GoP, 1998a). The average household in FATA consists of 9.3 persons, compared to 8 persons in the KPK and 6.8 persons in the country as a whole.

 

 

Demographic indicators (Pakistan, KPK and FATA, 1998)
Indicator Pakistan KPK FATA
Geographical area (sq km) 796,096 74,521 27,220
Annual population growth, 1981â..98 (%) 2.69 2.82 2.19
Average household size (persons) 6.80 8.00 9.30
Urban population (% of total) 32.50 16.87 2.70
Population density (persons per sq km) 166.30 238.10 116.70

 

 

The gender ratio of 108 males for every 100 females is somewhat perplexing, since some 126,577 persons, most of whom are likely to be men, are recorded as migrants from FATA in other parts of Pakistan during the 1998 census. This should in theory leave a higher proportion of females in the local population. Census reporting in FATA is likely to have been distorted by problems in gathering data, since tribal custom forbids the disclosure of information about women to outsiders.

 

 

Population by gender (FATA, 1998)
Agency/FR Total Male Female Ratio*
FATA 3,176,331 1,652,047 1,524,284 108
Bajaur 595,227 305,137 290,090 105
Khyber 546,730 284,602 262,128 109
Kurram 448,310 229,634 218,676 105
Mohmand 334,453 175,404 159,049 110
North Waziristan 361,246 192,432 168,814 114
Orakzai 225,441 112,766 112,675 100
South Waziristan 429,841 231,080 198,761 116
FR Bannu 19,593 10,380 9,213 113
FR Dera Ismail Khan 38,990 20,497 18,493 111
FR Kohat 88,456 45,472 42,984 106
FR Lakki 6,987 3,450 3,537 98
FR Peshawar 53,841 27,063 26,778 101
FR Tank 27,216 14,130 13,086 108