Population Demography

According to the 1998 census, FATA is home to a population of roughly 3.18 million people. The annual population growth between 1981 and 1998 was calculated to be 2.19% but certain agencies and FRs showed a decline during the same period. Population density for 1998 stands at 117 persons per square kilometers in FATA as a whole, with wide variations between individual agencies and FRs. In FR Dera Ismail Khan, for example, the population is thinly scattered with 19 persons per square kilometer, while population density in Bajaur Agency reaches 461 persons per square kilometer.

Population (FATA 1998)

Agency/FR

Area
(sq km)

Population
(total)

Population Density
(person per sq km)

Annual Growth rate
1981-1998(%)

FATA

27,220

3,176,331

117

2.19

Bajaur

1,290

595,227

461

4.33

Khyber

2,576

546,730

212

3.92

Kurram

3,380

448,310

133

2.50

Mohmand

2,296

334,453

146

4.28

North Waziristan

4,707

361,246

77

2.46

Orakzai

1,538

225,441

147

- 2.69

South Waziristan

6,620

429,841

65

1.95

FR Bannu

745

19,593

26

- 6.65

FR Dera Ismail Khan

2,008

38,990

19

- 2.09

FR Kohat

446

88,456

198

2.59

FR Lakki

132

6,987

53

- 4.81

FR Peshawar

261

53,841

206

2.22

FR Tank

1,221

27,216

22

- 0.61

The average annual population growth for FATA is slightly lower than the provincial average of 2.8% and the national average of 2.7% (1998 census). The average household in FATA consists of 9 persons, compared to 8 persons in the KPK and 7 persons in the country as a whole.

Demographic Indicators (Pakistan, KPK and FATA, 1998)

Indicator

Pakistan

KPK

FATA

Geographical area (sq km)

796,096

74,521

27,220

Annual population growth (%)

2.69

2.82

2.19

Average household size (persons)

7

8.00

9

Urban population (% of total)

32.50

16.87

2.70

Population density (persons per sq km)

166.30

238.10

116.70

The gender ratio of 108 males for every 100 females is somewhat puzzling, since some 126,577 persons, most of whom are likely to be men, are recorded as migrants from FATA in other parts of Pakistan during the 1998 census. This should in theory leave a higher proportion of females in the local population. Census reporting in FATA is likely to have been distorted by problems in gathering data, since tribal custom forbids the disclosure of information about women to outsiders.

Population by Gender (FATA, 1998)

Agency/FR

Total

Male

Female

Ratio*

FATA

3,176,331

1,652,047

1,524,284

108

Bajaur

595,227

305,137

290,090

105

Khyber

546,730

284,602

262,128

109

Kurram

448,310

229,634

218,676

105

Mohmand

334,453

175,404

159,049

110

North Waziristan

361,246

192,432

168,814

114

Orakzai

225,441

112,766

112,675

100

South Waziristan

429,841

231,080

198,761

116

FR Bannu

19,593

10,380

9,213

113

FR Dera Ismail Khan

38,990

20,497

18,493

111

FR Kohat

88,456

45,472

42,984

106

FR Lakki

6,987

3,450

3,537

98

FR Peshawar

53,841

27,063

26,778

101

FR Tank

27,216

14,130

13,086

108